idealism


idealism
   Idealism about something in philosophy is the doctrine that it is 'ideal', that is, mind-dependent. There are three main forms of idealism: (1) subjective idealism, which holds that what we think of as physical things exist only because they are perceived by minds; (2) transcendental idealism, which holds that physical things have the properties they do because of the way in which our minds conceptualise them; and (3) absolute idealism, which holds that behind the physical world of appearances lies the Absolute. Berkeley is a representative of (1); Kant of (2); and Hegel and Bradley of (3). Each of (1)-(3) has been combined with Christianity, but most Christian philosophers have turned against both idealism and materialism. (In addition, there is a somewhat rarer form of idealism in which everything apart from God is held to be an idea in the mind of God; Jonathan Edwards held something close to this.)
   Further reading: Berkeley 1948-57; Edwards, Jonathan 1974; Ewing 1961; Hegel 1968-; Kant 1992-; Vesey 1982

Christian Philosophy . . 2015.

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  • Idealism — • The characteristic of those who regard the ideas of truth and right, goodness and beauty, as standards and directive forces Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Idealism     Idealism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • idealism — IDEALÍSM s.n. 1. Orientare în filozofie, opusă materialismului, care consideră spiritul, conştiinţa, gândirea ca factor primordial, iar materia, natura, existenţa ca factor secund, derivat. ♢ Idealism obiectiv = idealism care concepe factorul… …   Dicționar Român

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  • Idealism — Album par Digitalism Sortie Le 11 juin 2007 Durée 51:44 Genre Électronique Label Kitsuné Music Idealism est le premier al …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Idealism — I*de al*ism, n. [Cf. F. id[ e]alisme.] 1. The quality or state of being ideal. [1913 Webster] 2. Conception of the ideal; imagery. [1913 Webster] 3. (Philos.) The system or theory that denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • idealism — index casuistry Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • idealism — (n.) 1796, in the abstract sense, originally belief that reality is made up only of ideas, from IDEAL (Cf. ideal) (adj.) + ISM (Cf. ism); on model of Fr. idéalisme. Meaning representing things in an ideal form is from 1829 …   Etymology dictionary

  • idealism — ► NOUN 1) the practice of forming or pursuing ideals, especially unrealistically. 2) (in art or literature) the representation of things in ideal form. DERIVATIVES idealist noun idealistic adjective idealistically adverb …   English terms dictionary

  • idealism — [ī dē′əl iz΄əm] n. [Fr idéalisme or Ger idealismus] 1. behavior or thought based on a conception of things as they should be or as one would wish them to be; idealization 2. a striving to achieve one s ideals 3. imaginative treatment in art that… …   English World dictionary

  • Idealism — The 20th century British scientist Sir James Jeans wrote that the Universe begins to look more like a great thought than like a great machine This article is about the philosophical notion of idealism. For other uses, see Idealism… …   Wikipedia


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